Library items tagged: IP

This appendix discusses what subnetting is and gives some examples of how IP addresses can be separated into a network part and a host part. It describes a simple college subnet and shows how subnet masks are used to decode IP addresses. The final section covers binary numbers and converting to and from decimal.  
Every organisation that wishes to send and receive e-mail, or gain access to the Internet, needs a globally unique address, known as an IP address. These addresses are numeric and uniquely identify one network interface on a computer. Each address is written as four fields, separated by dots, and each field can be a number ranging from 0 to 255, e.g.